What Does a Good Seal Engineering Drawing Look Like?
You just spent 6 months testing, stretching, aging and exposing your new seal design to 12 different chemicals. Finally, you are done, so what does a good technical drawing for a seal include? For most companies, the drawing is simple. For an O-ring, we draw a generic circle and show an ID and width with some sort of material call out. But now fast forward 20 years, someone consults the drawing, how do they know the criteria you used to select the seal specified?
Just last week I asked my customer who was having seal failure issues on their engine sensor, “Was the original seal specified to be compatible with biodiesel?” The engineer consulted their drawing, but besides the generic circle it lacked any background on what material compatibility was considered when the seal material was selected. The ASTM description on the drawing did not include a reference to or indicate compatibility with biodiesel.
Be specific with materials
Over time, the operating parameters of a system or product can change so it is important to know what parameters were used for the original seal selection. The goal of the drawing is to assure that the engineers and procurement team understand what performance is required from the seal and why the specific elastomer was chosen.
So how do you make your drawing more valuable to your company?
Define and list on your drawing all the operating conditions you anticipate the seal will see such as temperature, pressure and any other application specific operating conditions.
Prepare a list of fluids as well as the concentrations of each fluid that your seal will be exposed to and again add these on your drawing. In addition, make sure you consider fluids that could come into contact with the seal indirectly, through failure of other systems that are part of the product or even by cleaning the product.
List on the drawing the selected compound and manufacturer. Define clearly what testing the compound was put through or what testing is required for approval.
List clearly the industry standards the seal is required to meet, such as UL, FDA or NSF.
List fluid compatibility requirements
Time and time again, I see seal quality and performance failures when a new supplier is selected and the real requirements for the seal were either forgotten or not clearly defined. Clearly defining these parameters and making them transparent will allow your purchasing and technical team to understand, select and evaluate the correct compound that meets your products sealing requirements.
Once you select a compound for your specific application, it is important to test and validate that the compound chosen is compatible with the fluids you are using. Parker can typically supply small compound samples for soak testing in the fluids your seal is exposed to. If you choose to list an alternate compound on your drawing, that compound must also be tested and validated for compatibility.
Parker offers design assistance for all of our sealing products so before you even design the seal, define the space or groove the seal fits into. Call us, the earlier in the design process the better. Parker will assist you with selecting the proper seal, defining the elastomer requirements, and designing the mating groove; we can provide a cost-effective solution whether it is off the shelf or a custom manufactured solution
Remember when developing drawings standards, assure yourself that if someone consults a drawing that is 2 years old, 5 years old or even 20 years old, they will know what the original seal design intent was.
Fred Fisher, technical sales engineer, Parker Hannifin Engineered Materials Group